October 30, 2018
Inertia Health Group | Physiotherapy | Podiatry | Nutrition & Dietetics | Remedial Massage
First It is Important to understand what Type 2 Diabetes is
Type 2 diabetes is the most common form of diabetes with 1.2 million people currently diagnosed in Australia (ABS 2016). It is a chronic disease in which a person has high blood sugar levels, either as a result of not producing enough insulin (a hormone produced in the pancreas) or because the cells are not responding to the action of the insulin that is produced (Diabetes Australia,2015). It is a progressive disease and has been associated with modifiable lifestyle risk factors such as diet and physical activity.
People are at a higher risk of developing Type 2 diabetes if they:
have a family history of diabetes
are older (over 55 years of age) - the risk increases as we age
lead a sedentary lifestyle
have high blood pressure
are from an Aboriginal or Torres Strait Islander background
are from Pacific Island, Indian subcontinent or Chinese cultural background
have had gestational diabetes
have been diagnosed with Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome
What are the symptoms of Type 2 Diabetes?
Being excessively thirsty
Passing more urine
Feeling tired and lethargic
Increased hunger and appetite
Itching and skin infections
Gradually putting on weight
Type 2 diabetes develops over a long period of time and begins with Insulin Resistance often referred to as “pre-diabetes”. The pancreas is an organ within the body involved in the production of the hormone insulin. Insulin is responsible for transporting the sugar (glucose) from your blood into your cells where it can be used for energy. When you are in the early stages of Insulin Resistance or ‘Pre-diabetes’, the cells within the body do not respond to insulin as they should, and glucose remains high in the blood (Baker IDI, 2012). The pancreas responds by producing more and more insulin in an attempt to reduce blood sugar levels. Eventually, the cells responsible for producing insulin become tired, and some of them will stop producing insulin altogether, at this point a person will usually be diagnosed with Type 2 diabetes. When people refer to Type 2 as a progressive condition, they are referring to the ongoing destruction of insulin-producing cells in the pancreas.
In the early stages and sometimes in the long-term Type 2 diabetes can be managed through diet and increasing physical activity. Making these lifestyle changes can help people avoid the need for medication. Inertia Health Group’s Dietitians assist to monitor your total carbohydrate intake and balance your carbohydrate serves over the day. It is also important for patients with Diabetes to choose low GI high fibre carbohydrates to minimise the impact these foods will have on their blood sugar levels. If an individual is carrying extra weight, then a reduction in calories will be necessary for weight loss and will help improve health outcomes for diabetics. Inertia Health Group Dietitians are Accredited Practicing Dietitians and can provide education and menu plans to help manage blood sugar levels assist in weight loss and management helping to prevent the progression of this condition in the longer term.
Please don’t wait until it is too late make an appointment to see an Accredited Dietitian at one of our Inertia Health Group locations to assist you in the management of your Type 2 diabetes today.
References and useful websites:
Diabetes Australia: https://www.diabetesaustralia.com.au/type-2-diabetes
Australian Bureau of Statistics (ABS) 2016, Diabetes Mellitus- National Health Survey 2014-15, ABS, Canberra.
Diabetes SA: http://www.diabetessa.com.au/
SA Health: http://www.sahealth.sa.gov.au/wps/wcm/connect/public+content/sa+health+internet/health+topics/health+conditions+prevention+and+treatment/diabetes